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Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is the intersection of textual criticismliterary criticismhistory, and linguistics (with especially strong ties to etymology) Philology is more commonly defined as the study of literary texts as well as oral and written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. A person who pursues this kind of study is known as a philologist.

Articles Written By Our Team

Impact of Protectionism on Exports of African LDC

Trade is a powerful economic tool that can be used to tackle poverty, harness growth and generate employment. Exports are an integral part of trade and an access to a flourishing export market is very important for any country.

Are Humans Devolving ?

Millions of years ago, penguins could fly. But they evolved into flightless birds. Scientists say this is a case of devolving or one could simply say evolving backwards. It is said that change is the only constant. evolution is the only constant. But is the veracity of this story true? Metaphorically…

This science of atomic radiation, atomic change and nuclear fission began with the discovery of ionising radiation by Wilhem Röntgen in 1895. About four decades later, every researcher’s attention was captured by the two hundred million watts of electron volts released during nuclear…

Can science be a route to peace?

The way scientists across the world’s many religious, racial and cultural divides collaborate, you might imagine that it can. Science favours no God, colour or creed. Facts are sacred, commentary is free. But many of the  advances in science are propelled by the machinery of war…

Correlation Between Science, Peace & Development

In this article, I would not go into the technicalities of application of sciences or explain particular mechanisms, but would be giving a generalized view of the role of sciences as a whole and would focus upon the contribution…

Kashmir has always been a controversial subject for India, and has always had the potential to cause political and ideological differences to flare up, often creating dissent and friction even amongst close friends and families. Therefore, at the outset, I would like to clarify that there…

The Credibilty of Indian Media

We have seen the electronic mainstream media houses of the largest democracy on Earth fighting for their relevance and failing to prove to the intellectual elite, their significance and integrity! Though there has been a subtle long drawn process of the use of media to malign the public discourse in a particular direction by…

How Pfizer Is Following China’s Footsteps ?

China is an independent country that is exploiting low-income nations by providing them with what they desperately need (financial assistance for development) but swiftly catching them in a debt trap. Pfizer is an independent company which again is providing low income countries what they desperately need (a lifesaving vaccine)…

Kashmir has always been a controversial subject for India, and has always had the potential to cause political and ideological differences to flare up, often creating dissent and friction even amongst close friends and families. Therefore, at the outset, I would like to clarify that there…

A Momentous Misinterpretation

Politics and International Relations

Anvi Rana

Student at Delhi Public School, Chandigarh

The government of our country, that has ever since been struggling to achieve the goal of eradicating divides, today stands so deeply divided per se that its future seems ambiguous and capricious. ‘A Momentous Misinterpretation’ talks about how the proposition and the opposition, the two sides of the same coin, that have become bitter rivals for power, have drifted away from their primary functions and what it is costing the nation.
An individual is a conglomeration of emotions and so is a nation. These emotions, as is believed, reside in one’s heart. And because the play of emotions in a country –be it genuine patriotism or demagoguery –happens to function via politics home to which , in a way , the Parliament has become, I’d call it the heart of a nation , pumping law and order into the body of the state, a function akin to that of our hearts . The functioning of the components within the human heart is well-known but what about those of the state’s heart? Are the chambers on its ‘left and right side’ actually working in synergy with each other? Is the desired function being performed?
Correlating Economic Inequalities and the Effects of COVID-19

Economics And


Student at Vivek High School, Chandigarh

“The pandemic represents a rare but narrow window of opportunity to reflect, reimagine, and reset our world.” -Klaus Schwab The worldwide lockdown imposed at different stages to curb the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has illuminated the gross inequalities existing in our society. The divide between the “haves” and the “have nots” has been made even more salient, and the deeply engraved socio-economic disparities have yet been triggered and resurfaced. With some sections of the society comfortable in their homes and stocked with essential supplies, the less privileged groups are struggling to survive. There is a misconception, on the lesser informed parts of the internet, that the current crisis is democratic. Rich or poor, privileged or underprivileged, anyone can contract COVID-19. However, the fact of the reality is that for the well-off strata of the society, it implies that “stay inside or die of COVID,” but there is a large fraction of the society for which the choice is “either die of COVID or definitely die of starvation and thirst”; a grave impact of the pandemic, the world is currently witnessing. The World Economic Outlook report by the International Monetary…


Simar S. Gabadia

A student at The Lawrence School, Sanawar

Mark Twain once said, “Man’s, ability to change is marked by the most quotidian of things.” In today’s day and time media, which also includes social media, is one of the most quotidian of things. It is a basic median of communication today and through this shared platform of society, social sentiments are stirred, which together drive social change. Throughout history, it can be observed that all mediums that bridged the gap between lack of information and the subjects of society, were the greatest agents of social change. When preachers spread information verbally, religions came to exist. When the printing press was invented, the print revolution occurred. When Martin Luther King wrote the Ninety – Five thesis, the Protestant Reformation movement took place. In fact most of the revolutions of social change throughout history, be it the French revolutions, the Russian revolution, the Chinese – Taoist movement, all have been a direct reaction of the spread of…
Humanitarian Situation Worsens in Burkina Faso Amid COVID-19

Social And Humanitarian Issues


Student at Vivek High School, Chandigarh

Burkina Faso is a low-income Sahelian country with limited natural resources. Its economy is largely based on agriculture, which employs close to 80% of the working population, although gold exports have increased in recent years. Despite the progress made in the past two decades, Burkina Faso faces many development challenges, particularly in terms of health and education. It ranks 144th among 157 countries in the new human capital index established by the World Bank, and 40.1% of the population lives below the national poverty line. Furthermore, insecurity linked to frequent terrorist attacks since 2016 has created an unprecedented humanitarian crisis.
Burkina Faso continues to experience a complex humanitarian crisis characterized by violent attacks, violations of human rights, weakened social bonds between some ethnic groups and increasing socio-economic disparities between northern and central regions, which have

Myth of Modernity

Social And Humanitarian Issues

Aakriti Kamal

Student at Vivek High School, Chandigarh

We say we have come a long way. It’s the 21st century and we are privileged enough to have unhindered access to knowledge and awareness about right and wrong. We live in times when men can proudly call themselves feminists, women are unafraid to raise a voice for themselves, and we have laws in place to help eradicate the evils that still exist in the society. But I would say take time to think, reflect and weigh everything with an uninfluenced mindset. We haven’t really come that far away, have we? One thing to understand here is that our opinion is been shaped by what we see growing up. Similarly, promoting a mindset of equality for our generation and the next depends on us. And before we get to blaming all the men in the world for treating women unequally, we need to take into account the mistakes females have been making, be it intentionally or unintentionally. We live in a society where…
News Full Of Fake Stories

Cracking The Downfall Of Journalism


Student At The Indian High School, DUBAI

Journalism is an art that has managed to survive for centuries solely due to its ingrained ethics. As with any other industry, journalism has gone through several changes in time, but these changes have deprived real stories of the deserved attention and credit. With the increase in the circulation of “fake news,” the journalism industry has taken a turn for the worst. With many stories out there crammed with false reports, it is becoming harder for readers to differentiate between truth and a lie. The principles which have guided journalism for years are beginning to fade. The more desperately the press chases readers, the more it is starting to resemble politics. With all these predicaments plaguing journalism, popular support for it has begun to fade.  Fake news is not a new concept for eons humans have manipulated, and fabricated information to suit their need – to confuse, persuade, and entertain. During World War II, the United States used propaganda on American citizens to rally the country. Furthermore…

The Privatisation of War: PMC Wagner


Raunaq Singh Bawa

Student at Bhavan Vidyalaya School, Chandigarh

When talking of Privatisation of warfare, usually American groups come to mind, most prominently the Blackwater group. For those unaware about Blackwater (now called ‘Academi’), it is a(n) (in)famous Private Military Company (PMC), which is believed to operate in countries like Yemen and Iraq, at the behest of US and its regional allies. It gained notoriety in 2007, for the Nissour Square Massacre, where Blackwater personnel reportedly killed 14 Iraqi civilians and injured 20 others. However, this article addresses a relatively lesser-known private military group, Russia’s Wagner Group. Wagner PMC first rose to prominence in 2014, when Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula, after a hotly disputed rebellion and referendum in favour of Russia by the local population. The controversial element of this event was the presence of the ‘Little Green Men’, i.e., masked soldiers, in green uniform with no identifying insignia, who actively participated in the rebellion in Crimea. They did so by effectively immobilising the Ukrainian army and the state apparatus in Crimea: by occupying Simferopol International Airport, the Parliament in Simferopol…
Analysing the Saffron Wave

Why India Still Votes For


Alumnus of The Lawrence School Sanawar

Before anyone can make any assumption as to ascertain my political ideology, I would want to make it absolutely clear that this is an article not supporting the incumbent ruling party or opposing it, but rather an analysis of the factors which have helped the current dispensation remain in office with an increased mandate for yet another 5 years.  We might praise or criticise the current government on the various legislations it has brought into force during its tenure and its consistence propagation of an ideology which has been given various names, but only to differ from the side they come from. I intend to take the reader, through the course of my article across the various stages of psychological certainty which an average Indian goes through to make up his/her mind to go to the ballot and press the Lotus symbol. Despite the various drawbacks of the incumbent government, why did the voter again go in its favour in 2019? Well, the answer to that is simple. The average voter did not see any feasible competition to Mr. Modi’s personality and power and thus the choice for him was clear.